PrehistoryWhile traces of human settlements in Val Gardena could be found as soon as 7000 – 5000 BC, with primitive stone tools found around seeker sleeping areas (stemming from the Stone Age) mainly near alpine waters and junctions, it is not until the fifth Century BC that a significant culture was creating in the Dolomites.With the ownership of the Etruskan alphabet the Raetians (using their historical title from the province of Rhaetia once in the Roman Empire) had a clear distinction from the more nordic civilizations. It is believed that the Raetians were independent until 15 BC if they were subjugated by the Romans.HistoryWith the cure of our area the Romans brought a number of improvements, inter alia the Roman law, the development of large-scale street networks (like the Via Claudia Augusta from Aquileia to Augusta Vindelicum), the development of larger settlements and the supply channels along the paths, a greater standard of living and other religious opinions along with the establishment of craft businesses.The use of the Latin language by the indigenous population led to the change to Ladin language (Romansh) in the course of years. When 600 AC the Bavarians occupied the south of the Alps, South Tyrol – at the very least the components that were even large – and already settled areas beyond it, spoke an archaic model of Ladino. Larger and larger places were Germanized.Not only in the north, but also in the south the Ladin language lost floor, but for the south the time range cannot be specified as precisely because of the linguistic affinity with the neighboring idioms.This is the first part of a set of articles about the background of Val Gardena and the Dolomites. Special thanks visit the Union di Ladins delaware GherdAina and President Stefan Kasslatter for the product and the insights provided.
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